Trout Fishing BY Paul O’Bryan

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While I try to hone my skills at fishing, I have come across a lot of good tips and facts about trout, and I guess many of them are important, such as what they eat, and any traits that are particular to them.

First off, there are two different kinds of trout we catch in Australian waters: the rainbow and the brown. They are found in lakes, creeks, rivers and streams. The difference between the rainbow and the brown is the rainbow has a bright rainbow colour down the sides and dark spots head to tail, and the brown trout is brown and also has a few spots.

Some of the best places to go trout fishing are places like Dartmouth Dam, Lake Eildon and Lake Hume, not to mention all the streams and rivers that still have their populations. There are many more places to go and trout fishing can take you to some spectacular places such as waterfalls and parks where only the animals roam.

Trout mostly feed below the surface and they are feeding on different kinds of insects, like the dragonfly and dragonfly larvae of mudeyes, and water beetles and many other aquatic insects. That depends on weather conditions and the colour of the water and if it is cloudy or clear or muddy and what time of year it is, and the different times of day.

When muddeyes first appear in the season, the trout are already used to earlier surface food like caddis and beetles and their response is immediate. The mudeye is the larvae of the dragonfly that trout like to feed on and some fish will group up and feed together and work their way around all available food.

As with mudeyes, caddis fly larvae are also tasty treats for trout. These live around rocks and logs beneath the water, and as many lures are modelled after the caddis fly, you would think that a good chance of catching trout would include such a lure and such a location.

The native and introduced trees are without doubt the biggest holder of terrestrial insects that the trout feed from. Brown trout have been mainly taken on lures and bait and while the rainbow trout is taken mostly on flies, that depends on if it is early morning or late afternoon.

Bait fisherman are doing well using yabbies and gudgeon for bait and the late afternoon has been the best for fly fishing and bait fishing.

Some people like to go fly fishing and use different types of flies that mimic different types of insects, and finding out what insects the trout are feeding on because they are in season will always be an asset to catching fish. Fly fishing for trout requires a lot of patience and skill and the most popular flies used today for trout fishing are called the olive or black nymphs, and even glowbugs are worth a try.

Some of the best lures to use for trout are the Tassie devil and minnow lures like rapalas or stumpjumpers, as well as the warlock lure and the balista trigger.

Bag limit for trout is 5 per day and no more than 2 may exceed 35cm.

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